His Divine Grace Om Vishnupad
Srila Bhakti Nirmal Acharya Maharaj
Godavari, Kovvur, Andhra Pradesh
5 January 2019, part 4
[His Divine Grace continues reading from Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita,
Madhya-lila, chapter 8:]
prabhu kahe,—"pada sloka sadhyera nirnaya"
raya kahe,—"sva-dharmacharane visnu-bhakti haya"
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ordered Ramananda Ray, "Recite a verse from the
revealed scriptures concerning the ultimate goal of life." Ramananda replied,
"Devotion to the Lord is the execution of the prescribed duties of one's
Mahaprabhu rejected it.
prabhu kahe,—"eho bahya, age kaha ara"
raya kahe, "krsne karmarpana—sarva-sadhya-sara"
The Lord replied, "This is external. Go further." Ramananda replied, "To
offer the results of one's activities to Krishna is the essence of all
yat karosi yad asnasi, yaj juhosi dadasi yat
yat tapasyasi kaunteya, tat kurusva mad-arpanam
Ramananda Ray quoted Srimad Bhagavad-gita (9.27), "O Kaunteya, whatever you
do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer in sacrifice, whatever you give and
whatever vow you may keep-do everything as an offering unto Me."
prabhu kahe,—"eho bahya, age kaha ara"
raya kahe,—"svadharma-tyaga, ei sadhya-sara"
The Lord said, "This is also external. Go further." Ramananda Ray replied,
"To give up one's occupational duties in the varnasrama system is the essence
ajnayaivam gunan dosan
mayadistan api svakan
dharman santyajya yah sarvan
mam bhajet sa cha sattamah
Ramananda Ray quoted Srimad Bhagavatam (11.11.32), "Occupational duties are
described in the religious scriptures. If one analyses them, he can fully
understand their qualities and faults and then give them up completely to
render service unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such a person is
considered a first-class man.'
The Lord says in Srimad Bhagavatam, "Those who have left everything
that I have prescribed in the many scriptures, who do not think what is
correct, what is incorrect, who have given up everything and worship Me—they
are the highest saints." And Srimad Bhagavad-gita also told,
sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja
aham tvam sarva-papebhyo moksayisyami ma suchah
"Give up all kinds of religion and surrender to Me alone. I will liberate you
from all sins, do not despair."
"Leave everything and do not worry—I am the Lord, surrender to Me, and I will
remove all your sins." Mahaprabhu rejected it too.
prabhu kahe,—"eho bahya, age kaha ara"
raya kahe, "jnana-misra bhakti—sadhya-sara"
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "This is external. Go further." Ramananda Ray
replied, "Devotional service mixed with empiric knowledge is the essence of
na sochati na kanksati
samah sarvesu bhutesu
mad-bhaktim labhate param
Ramananda Ray quoted Srimad Bhagavad-gita (18.54), "The joyful-hearted,
enlightened soul who has attained his divine nature neither sorrows nor
desires. Seeing all beings equally, he comes to attain transcendental loving
devotion for Me."
prabhu kahe, "eho bahya, age kaha ara"
raya kahe,—"jnana-sunya bhakti—sadhya-sara"
The Lord again rejected it, "This is external. Go further." Then, Ramananda
Ray said, "Pure devotional service without any touch of speculative knowledge
is the essence of perfection."
To support this point of view, Ramananda Ray quoted a verse that says, "O
Lord! It is generally very difficult and rare to get You, but those who
worship You and distribute Your Holy Name, who explain and distribute Your
katha, Your glories everywhere, can get You easily." Then the Lord
said, "Eho haya, age kaya ara. Yes, it is so! But go further." He
prabhu kahe, "eho haya, age kaha ara"
raya kahe, "prema-bhakti—sarva-sadhya-sara"
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "This is all right, but go on." Ramananda
Ray then replied, "Ecstatic love for the Supreme Personality of Godhead is
the essence of all perfection."
kriyatam yadi kuto 'pi labhyate
tatra laulyam api mulyam ekalam
janma-koti-sukrtair na labhyate
Ramananda Ray quoted a famous verse later included by Srila Rupa Goswami in
Padyavali (14), "Pure devotional service in Krishna consciousness cannot
be had even by pious activity in hundreds and thousands of lives. It can be
attained only by paying one price—that is, intense greed to obtain it. If it
is available somewhere, one must purchase it without delay."
"You cannot get the Lord by any amount of pious activities, but you can buy
Him with devotion."
prabhu kahe, "eho haya, age kaha ara"
raya kahe, "dasya-prema—sarva-sadhya-sara"
The Lord said, "This is good, but go further." Ramananda Ray said,
"Spontaneous loving service in servitude—as exchanged by master and
servant—is the highest perfection."
After that, Ramananda Ray gave examples of devotees possessing
sakhya-prema, Sridam, Sudam, Vasudam, and others, saying how fortunate
they were to have Lord Krishna as their friend. It is very rare to get
Krishna, but how fortunate they are—they have become Krishna's friends.
prabhu kahe,—"eho uttama, age kaha ara"
raya kahe, "vatsalya-prema—sarva-sadhya-sara"
The Lord said, "This is very good, but please proceed further." Ramananda Ray
then replied, "Loving service to the Lord in the parental relationship is the
highest perfectional stage."
Mahaprabhu said, "It is good, but can you tell something more? Can you go
nandah kim akarod brahman
sreya evam mahodayam
yasoda va maha-bhaga
papau yasyah stanam harih
Ramananda Ray quoted Srimad Bhagavatam (10.8.46), "O brahman, what pious
activities did Nanda Maharaj perform by which he received the Supreme
Personality of Godhead Krishna as his son? And what pious activities did
Mother Yasoda perform that made the Absolute Supreme Personality of Godhead
Krishna call her 'Mother' and suck her breasts?"
nemam virincho na bhavo
na srir apy anga-samsraya
prasadam lebhire gopi
yat tat prapa vimukti-dat
Ramananda Ray quoted Srimad Bhagavatam (10.9.20), "The favour Mother Yasoda
obtained from Sri Krishna, the bestower of liberation, was never obtained
even by Lord Brahma or Lord Siva, nor even by the goddess of fortune Laksmi,
who always remains on the chest of the Supreme Personality of Godhead
What Yasoda has got—she gives her breasts to the Lord, she beats Krishna,
etc.—not even Brahma, Siva, not even Laksmi Devi could get it.
prabhu kahe, "eho uttama, age kaha ara"
raya kahe, "kanta-prema sarva-sadhya-sara"
The Lord said, "This is great, but go further." Ramananda Ray then replied,
"Conjugal attachment for Krishna is the topmost position in love of
nayam sriyo 'nga u nitanta-rateh prasadah
svar-yositam nalina-gandha-rucham kuto 'nyah
rasotsave 'sya bhuja-danda-grhita-kantha-
labdhasisam ya udagad vraja-sundarinam
Ramananda Ray quoted Uddhav Maharaj (Srimad Bhagavatam, 10.47.60), "When Lord
Sri Krishna was dancing with the gopis in the rasa-lila, the gopis were
embraced around the neck by the Lord's arms. This transcendental favor was
never bestowed upon the goddess of fortune or the other consorts in the
spiritual world. Nor was such a thing ever imagined by the most beautiful
girls in the heavenly planets, girls whose bodily luster and aroma resemble
the beauty and fragrance of lotus flowers. And what to speak of worldly
women, who may be very, very beautiful according to material estimation?"
krsna-praptira upaya bahu-vidha haya
krsna-prapti-taratamya bahuta achhaya
"There are various means and processes by which one may attain the favor of
Lord Krishna. All those transcendental processes will be studied from the
viewpoint of comparative importance.
kintu yanra yei rasa, sei sarvottama
tata-stha hana vicahrile, ache tara-tama
"It is true that whatever relationship a particular devotee has with the Lord
is the best for him; still, when we study all the different methods from a
neutral position, we can understand that there are higher and lower degrees
"Sraddha anusare haya bhakti adhikari." One's devotion depends on what
kind of faith one has, and the Lord reciprocates depending on one's
ye yatha mam prapadyante, tams tathaiva bhajamy aham
mama vartmanuvartante, manusyah partha sarvasah
"Howsoever people surrender to Me, I accordingly reward them. Being the
ultimate goal of all paths, I am the objective to be attained by all.
O Partha, all men follow My various paths."
Srimad Bhagavad-gita, 4.11
The Lord reciprocates with the devotional mood of a devotee—He is the Master
to those in dasya-rasa, a son to those in vatsalya-rasa,
purva-purva-rasera guna—pare pare haya
dui-tina ganane pancha paryanta badaya
"There is a gradual order of improvement in transcendental mellows from the
initial ones to the later ones. In each subsequent mellow the qualities of
the previous mellows are manifested, counting from two, then three, and up to
the point of five complete qualities.
Srila Prabhupad Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakur says that those who have
the right (adhikar) in a particular rasa (dasya, sakhya,
vatsalya, or madhurya) cannot cross their line—those who have the
right to worship in santa-rasa, will worship in santa-rasa;
those who have the right for dasya-rasa, will worship in
dasya-rasa. They never cross that line. He also warns that those who
have no right to worship in madhurya-rasa must not go there.
"Lord Krishna has made a firm promise for all time. If one renders service
unto Him, Krishna correspondingly gives him an equal amount of success in
devotional service to the Lord."
ye yatha mam prapadyante
tams tathaiva bhajamy aham
manusyah partha sarvasah
Ramananda Ray quoted Lord Krishna (Bhagavad-gita, 4.11), "Howsoever people
surrender to Me, I accordingly reward them. Being the ultimate goal of all
paths, I am the objective to be attained by all. O Partha, all men follow My
ei 'preme'ra anurupa na pare bhajite
ataeva 'rni' haya —kahe bhagavate
"In Srimad Bhagavatam (10.32.22) it is said that Lord Krishna cannot
proportionately reciprocate devotional service in the madhurya-rasa;
therefore He always remains a debtor to such devotees."
na paraye 'ham niravadya-samyujam
sva-sadhu-krtyam vibudhayusapi vah
ya mabhajan durjaya-geha-srnkhalah
samvrschya tad vah pratiyatu sadhuna
"When the gopis were overwhelmed with dissatisfaction due to Lord Krishna's
absence from the rasa-lila, Krishna returned to them and told them, 'My dear
gopis, our meeting is certainly free of all material contamination. I must
admit that in many lives it would be impossible for Me to repay My debt to
you because you have cut off the bondage of family life just to search for
Me. Consequently I am unable to repay you. Therefore please be satisfied with
your honest activities in this regard."
prabhu kahe,—ei 'sadhyavadhi' sunischaya
krpa kari' kaha, yadi age kichhu haya
Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "This is certainly the limit of
perfection, but please be merciful to Me and speak more if there is
raya kahe,—ihara age puchhe hena jane
eta-dina nahi jani, achhaye bhuvane
Raya Ramananda replied, "Until this day I did not know anyone within this
material world who could inquire beyond this perfectional stage of devotional
"Among the loving affairs of the gopis," Ramananda Raya continued, "Srimati
Radharani's love for Sri Krishna is topmost. Indeed, the glories of Srimati
Radharani are highly esteemed in all revealed scriptures.
churi kari' radhake nila gopi-ganera dare
anyapeksa haile premera gadhata na sphure
"During the rasa dance Sri Krishna did not exchange loving affairs with
Srimati Radharani due to the presence of the other gopis. Because of the
dependence of the others, the intensity of love between Radha and Krishna was
not manifest. Therefore He stole Her away.
Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakur warns that those who have no right,
or qualification, to consult with the works of Jayadev, with Padmavali,
Gita-Govinda, etc. must not go there—it is better then not to consult
with such things, otherwise we will go another way and do nonsense. Gurudev
also told, Srila Sridhar Dev-Goswami Maharaj also told that we can read the
last part of the Siksastakamkirtans, but we do not sing
prabhu kahe,—'sadhya-vastura avadhi' ei haya
tomara prasade iha janilun nischaya
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu confirmed these verses recited by Sri Ramananda
Raya, saying, "This is the limit of the goal of human life. Only by your
mercy have I come to understand it conclusively.
'sadhya-vastu' 'sadhana' vinu keha nahi paya
krpa kari' kaha, raya, pabara upaya
"The goal of life cannot be achieved unless one practices the process. Now,
being merciful upon Me, please explain that means by which this goal can be
Mahaprabhu wants to hear from Ramananda Ray's mouth, but Ramananda Ray says,
"Prabhu I do not know anything. You are playing in my tongue—I simply say
whatever You make me say."
raya kahe,—yei kahao, sei kahi vani
ki kahiye bhala-manda, kichui na jani
Sri Ramananda Raya replied, "I do not know what I am saying, but You have
made me speak what I have spoken, be it good or bad. I am simply repeating
sakhi vina ei lilaya anyera nahi gati
sakhi-bhave ye tanre kare anugati
radha-krsna-kunjaseva-sadhya sei paya
sei sadhya paite ara nahika upaya
"Without the help of the gopis, one cannot enter into these pastimes. Only
one who worships the Lord in the ecstasy of the gopis, following in their
footsteps, can engage in the service of Sri Sri Radha-Krishna in the bushes
of Vrindavan. Only then can one understand the conjugal love between Radha
and Krishna. There is no other procedure for understanding."
That is a very high conception.
krsna saha radhikara lila ye karaya
nija-sukha haite tate koti sukha paya
"The happiness of the gopis increases ten million times when they serve to
engage Sri Sri Radha and Krishna in Their transcendental pastimes.
Again, these are very interesting, but very high things.
eta suni' prabhu tanre kaila alingana
dui jane galagali karena krandana
After hearing this, Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Ramananda Raya,
and both of them, embracing shoulder to shoulder, began to cry.
ei-mata premavese ratri gonaila
pratah-kale nija-nija-karye dunhe gela
The entire night was passed in this way, in ecstatic love of Godhead. In the
morning they both departed to tend to their respective duties.
vidaya-samaye prabhura charane dhariya
ramananda raya kahe vinati kariya
Before departing from Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Ramananda Ray fell to the
ground and caught hold of the Lord's lotus feet. He then spoke submissively
'more krpa karite tomara ihan agamana
dina dasa rahi' sodha mora dusta mana
Sri Ramananda Ray said, "You have come here just to show me Your causeless
mercy. Therefore stay here for at least ten days and purify my polluted
toma vina anya nahi jiva uddharite
toma vina anya nahi krsna-prema dite'
"But for You, there is no one who can deliver all the living entities, for
You alone can deliver love of Krishna."
Both of them left then, but the next day Ramananda Ray and Mahaprabhu met
'O worshippable Vaisnavas, I offer you this prayer. I am very fallen and misbehaved. Destiny has immersed me in the fearsome ocean of material existence. Please grab me by the hair and pull me to the shore.'