SARANAGATI (SURRENDER) | Sri Laghu-chandrika-bhasya


Atma-Nivedanatmika: Self-Submission

 

(Song 8)

emana durmati, samsara bhitare,
padiya achhinu ami
tava nija-jana, kona mahajane,
pathaiya dile tumi [1]

emana–such; durmati–evil-hearted; samsara–material world; bhitare–within; padiya–falling; achhinu–am; ami–I; tava–Your; nija-jana (parsada)–own person (eternal, personal associate); kona–who; mahajane (acharya sri-gurudeva)–great soul (exemplary teacher, spiritual master); pathaiya–sending; dile–gave; tumi–You. [1]

(1) I am a most sinful-hearted person and have fallen into this material world, but You have sent a great soul, Your own associate (to rescue me).

daya kari' more, patita dekhiya,
kahila amare giya
ohe dina-jana, suna bhala katha,
ullasita habe hiya [2]

daya–mercy; kari'–doing; more–to me; patita–fallen; dekhiya–seeing; kahila–said; amare–to me; giya–going; ohe–oh!; dina–humble; jana–person; suna–please listen; bhala–good; katha–word; ullasita–elated; habe–will be; hiya–heart. [2]

(2) Seeing my fallen condition and being merciful to me, he came to me and said, "O humble soul, listen to this wonderful message and your heart will rejoice.

(2) suna bhala katha: "Listen to this wonderful message." Krishna prefaces His final teaching in Srimad Bhagavad-gita (18.64) similarly:

sarva-guhyatamam bhuyah srnu me paramam vachah
isto 'si me drdham iti tato vaksyami te hitam

"Now again hear from Me My supreme teaching, the most hidden treasure of all. I tell you this for your benefit as you are most dear to Me."

Sriman Mahaprabhu also alludes to a wonderful message while narrating a parable to Srila Sanatan Goswami Prabhu in Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta (Madhya-lila, 20.127–8):

'sarvajna' asi' duhkha dekhi' puchhaye tahare
'tumi kene duhkhi, tomara achhe pitr-dhana'

"Coming to the house of a poor man (a fallen soul) and observing his suffering, Sarvajna (the personification of the revealed scriptures) questioned him, 'Why are you so miserable? You have a great inheritance!'"

tomare tarite, sri-krsna-chaitanya,
navadvipe avatara
toma hena kata, dina-hina jane,
karilena bhava-para [3]

tomare–to you; tarite–to deliver; sri-krsna-chaitanya–Sriman Mahaprabhu; navadvipe–in Nabadwip; avatara–descent; toma–you; hena–similar; kata–so many; dina–poor; hina–lowly; jane–to persons; karilena–did; bhava–of the material existence; para–deliverance. [3]

(3) "'Sri Krishna Chaitanya has descended in Nabadwip to deliver you. He has safely conducted many humble and fallen souls like you across the ocean of material existence.

(3) sri krsna chaitanya: "Sri Krishna Chaitanya." This name of the Lord is mentioned in the Padma-purana:

nama chintamanih krsna-chaitanyo rasa-vigrahah
purnah suddho nitya-mukto 'bhinnatvan nama-naminoh

"The Name 'Krishna Chaitanya' is a wish-fulfilling jewel and an embodiment of rasa. He is complete, pure, eternally liberated, and non-different from whom He names."


navadvipe avatara: "Descended in Nabadwip." This is described in the Ananta-samhita:

avatirno bhavisyami kalau nija-ganaih saha
sachi-garbhe navadvipe svardhuni-parivarite

"In the Age of Kali, I will descend in Nabadwip with My eternal associates beside the banks of the Ganges, taking birth from the womb of Sachi Devi."


bhava-para: "The shore of the ocean of material existence." In Srimad Bhagavatam (11.5.34), Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is described as the deliverer of the fallen souls from the ocean of material existence:

dhyeyam sada paribhava-ghnam abhista-doham
tirthaspadam siva-virinchi-nutam saranyam
bhrtyarti-ham pranata-pala bhavabdhi-potam
vande maha-purusa te charanaravindam

"O Mahaprabhu! I offer my obeisance unto Your lotus feet, which are the ultimate object of eternal meditation; which destroy illusion and fulfil all desires; which are the supreme place of pilgrimage; which are worshipped by Sadasiva and Brahma; which are the shelter of everything; which dispel the suffering of Your servants; which maintain all who surrender unto them; and which are the boat to cross the ocean of material existence."

vedera pratijna, rakhibara tare,
rukma-varna vipra-suta
mahaprabhu name, nadiya mataya,
sange bhai avadhuta [4]

vedera–of the Vedas; pratijna–the prophecies; rakhibara–to maintain; tare–for; rukma-varna (gaura-varna, purata sundara dyuti)–golden-coloured (beautiful golden radiance); vipra–of a brahman; suta–a son; mahaprabhu–'Mahaprabhu'; name–Named; nadiya–Nadia, the whole world; mataya–intoxicated; sange–in the company; bhai–brother; avadhuta–Sri Nityananda Prabhu. [4]

(4) "'To fulfil the prophecies of the Vedas, He has appeared with a golden complexion as a brahman's son bearing the name 'Mahaprabhu' and driven all of Nadia mad with prema in the company of His brother Nityananda.

(4) Vedera pratijna: "The prophecies of the Vedas." This refers to the promises made in the Vedas that the Supreme Lord would appear as Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


rukma-varna: "Golden complexion." That the Lord would appear with a golden complexion is prophesied in Sri Mundaka-upanisad (3.1.3):

yada pasyah pasyate rukma-varnam
kartaram isam purusam brahma-yonim
tada vidvan punya-pape vidhuya
niranjanah paramam samyam upaiti

"When a soul sees the golden Lord, who is the supreme controller and the source of Brahma, they become wise, free from the reactions of both pious and impious activities, and pure, and they attain supreme equanimity."

The Visnu-sahasra-nama of the Mahabharata (Dana-dharma-parva, 189) has also prophesied the divine form and Pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu:

suvarna-varno hemango varangas chandanangadi
sannyasa-krch chhamah santo nistha-santi-parayanah

"His complexion is golden, His limbs appear like molten gold, His beautiful body is adorned with sandalwood paste and flower garlands, He accepts sannyas, He is equanimous and peaceful, and He is the supreme abode of steadfast devotion (mahabhava)."


mahaprabhu: "Bearing the Name 'Mahaprabhu'." That the Lord would be known by the Name 'Mahaprabhu' is prophesied in Sri Svetasvatara-upanisad (2.12):

mahan prabhur vai purusah sattvasyaisa pravartakah
sunirmalam imam praptim isano jyotir avyayah

"Sri Mahaprabhu, the supreme master, is verily the Supreme Person­ality of Godhead. He is the originator of existence, the eternally effulgent Lord. By His grace one attains ultimate purity."


avadhuta: "Nityananda." An avadhut has been described by Srila Sridhar Swami in his commentary on Srimad Bhagavatam as avajnaya-janais tyakto yah, one who is abandoned by general people with disregard (because his ecstatic, purely devotional behaviour is incomprehensible).

nanda-suta yini, chaitanya gosani,
nija nama kari' dana
tarila jagat, tumio yaiya,
laha nija paritrana [5]

nanda–of Nanda Maharaj; suta–the son (Krishna); yini–who; chaitanya–Chaitanya; gosani–great personage; nija–own; nama–Name; kari'–doing; dana–gift; tarila–delivered; jagat–the world; tumio–you also, too; yaiya–going; laha–accept; nija–own; paritrana–deliverance. [5]

(5) "'Sri Chaitanya Gosani, who is Nanda Suta Himself, has delivered the universe by distributing His Name. You too should go and accept your deliverance.'"

(5) Nanda-suta: "The son of Nanda." Srila Jiva Goswami Prabhu has described the identity of Sriman Mahaprabhu in his Tattva-sandarbha (2):

antah krsnam bahir gauram darsitangadi-vaibhavam
kalau sankirtanadyaih sma krsna-chaitanyam asritah

"Sri Krishna Chaitanya is internally Krishna Himself and outwardly golden. He has manifest in the Age of Kali in all His glory, accompanied by His entourage. We take shelter of Him by performing Hari-nam-sankirtan and related devotional services."

Sriman Mahaprabhu is also described in the Kapila-tantra:

premalingana-yogena chachintya-sakti-yogatah
radha-bhava-kanti-yutam murtim ekam prakasayet

"By the loving embrace of His inconceivable potency, Krishna has mani­fested a form enriched with the heart and halo of Sri Radha—the divine form of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu."

se katha suniya, asiyachhi, natha!
tomara charana-tale
bhakati-vinoda, kandiya kandiya,
apana kahini bale [6]

se–this; katha–message; suniya–hearing; asiyachhi–I have come; natha!–O Lord!; tomara–Your; charana–feet; tale–beneath; bhakati-vinoda–Bhakti Vinod; kandiya–crying; kandiya–and crying; apana–personal; kahini (katha)–tale (narrative); bale–speaks. [6]

(6) O Lord! Hearing this message, I have come before Your feet. Crying incessantly, Bhakti Vinod tells the story of his life.

 

 

 

 

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CONTENTS:

· Translator's Note
· In Praise of Saranagati (1)
· In Praise of Saranagati (2)
· Editor's Note
· Sri Laghu-chandrika-bhasya: Mangalacharana
· Sri Laghu-chandrika-bhasya: Preface


Saranagati:


Bhajana-Lalasa (Hankering for Service):


Siddha-Lalasa (Hankering for Fulfilment):


Vijnapti (Prayer of Heartfelt Hankering):


Sri Nama-Mahatmya (The Glories of the Name):



 

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