SRI NABADWIP DHAM MAHATMYA: CHAPTER TWO
The Nature and Dimensions
jaya jaya navadvipa-chandra sachi-suta
jaya jaya–All glory sachi-suta–to the son of Sachi, Sri Chaitanya, navadvipa-chandra–the moon of Nabadwip! jaya jaya–All glory avadhuta–to the renunciant nityananda-raya–Nityananda Ray! 
All glory to the son of Sachi, the moon of Nabadwip! All glory to the avadhut Sri Nityananda Ray!
jaya jaya navadvipa sarva-dhama-sara
jaya jaya–All glory navadvipa–to Nabadwip, sarva-dhama-sara–the best of all abodes! kara–Who sadhya varne–can describe tattva–glory se dhamera–of this abode? 
All glory to Nabadwip, the best of all abodes! Who can describe its glory?
navadvipa-dhama gauda-mandala bhitare
navadvipa-dhama–Nabadwip Dham sobha kare–shines sada–eternally bhitare–within gauda-mandala–the district of Gauda, [and] haye–is sevita–served jahnavi–by Ganga Devi. 
Nabadwip Dham shines eternally within Gauda Mandal, and is served by Ganga Devi.
e gauda-mandala eka vimsati yojana
e gauda-mandala–The district of Gauda [is] eka vimsati yojana–one hundred and sixty-eight miles [in circumference]. ganga-devi–Ganga Devi anuksana rahe–continuously flows madhya-bhage–throughout it. 
Gauda Mandal is one hundred and sixty-eight miles in circumference. Ganga Devi continuously flows throughout it.
sata-dala padmamaya mandala akara
mandala–Gauda Mandal's akara–form [is] sata-dala padmamaya–made up of a one-hundred-petalled lotus, [and] tara madhya-bhage–at its centre [is the] ati–extremely sobha–beautiful navadvipa–Nabadwip. 
Gauda Mandal is a one-hundred-petalled lotus, and at its centre is the extremely beautiful Nabadwip.
pancha-krosa haya tara kesara adhara
tara–Its kesara adhara–whorl haya–is pancha-krosa–ten miles, [and its] parimala-purna–fragrant puspa–bloom [is] chatvara yojana–thirty-two miles. 
In circumference, its whorl is ten miles in circumference, and its fragrant bloom is thirty-two miles.
bahira papadi tara sata-dala haya
tara–Its bahira–outer papadi–petals haya–form sata-dala–a one-hundred-petalled lotus [that] vistaraya–extends ekadhika vimsati yojana–one hundred and sixty-eight miles. 
Its outer petals form a one-hundred-petalled lotus that extends for one hundred and sixty-eight miles.
mandala paridhi haya sei parimana
mandala–Gauda Mandal's paridhi–circumference haya–is sei–that parimana–size. vidhana–The verdict sastrera–of the scriptures [is that its] vyasa–diameter [is] saptaka yojana–fifty-six miles. 
The circumference of Gauda Mandal is that size. The scriptures state that its diameter is fifty-six miles.
vyasarddha pramana sarddha trtiya yojana
[Its] vyasarddha–radius, tara–which ha-ibe–will be ganana–measured haite–from madhya-bindu–the centre, pramana–measures sarddha trtiya yojana–twenty-eight miles. 
Its radius, measured from its centre point, is twenty-eight miles.
madhya-bindu navadvipa-dhama madhya-sthala
madhya-bindu–The centre point navadvipa-dhama–of Nabadwip Dham's madhya-sthala–centre haya–is yoga-pitha–the Yoga Pith. taha–It [is] vimala–pure [and] chinmaya–spiritual. 
The centre of Nabadwip Dham is the pure, spiritual Yoga Pith.
chintamani-rupa haya ei gauda-mandala
ei gauda-mandala–Gauda Mandal haya–is chintamani-rupa–made of wish-fulfilling gemstone. [It is] chid-anandamaya-dhama–a spiritual, joyful abode: sakala–everything [within it is] chinmaya–made of spiritual energy. 
Sri Gauda Mandal is made of wish-fulfilling gemstone. It is spiritual and joyful: everything within it is made of spiritual energy.
jala bhumi vrksa adi sakali chinmaya
jala–The water, bhumi–land, vrksa–trees, adi–and so on, [are] sakali–all chinmaya–spiritual. krsna-sakti-traya–Krishna's three energies (sandhini, samvit, and hladini) vidyamana–exist tatha–there sada–eternally. 
The water, land, trees, and so on, are all spiritual. Krishna's three energies exist there eternally.
svarupa-saktira sei sandhini-prabhava
ei dhamera–The Dham's svabhava–nature [is] parinati–a manifestation tara sei–of the sandhini-prabhava–sandhini power svarupa-saktira–of the Lord's personal energy. 
The Dham is a manifestation of the sandhini aspect of the Lord's personal energy.
prabhu-lila-pitha-rupe dhama nitya haya
dhama–The Dham haya–is nitya prabhu-lila-pitha-rupe–the eternal site of the Lord's Pastimes. [It is] karya–a function achintya saktira–of [the Lord's] inconceivable energy; naya–it is not prapanchika–material. 
The Dham is the eternal site of the Lord's Pastimes. It is a manifestation of the Lord's inconceivable energy; it is not material.
tabe ye e dhame dekhe prapanchera sama
tabe–Still, baddha-jive–the conditioned souls— tahe ye–those who dekhe–see e dhame–the Dham [to be] sama–the same prapanchera–as the material world— haya–are avidya-vibhrama–bewildered by illusion. 
Still, the conditioned souls are bewildered by illusion and see the Dham to be material.
meghachchhanna chaksu dekhe surya achchhadita
chaksu–Eyes meghachchhanna–covered by clouds dekhe–see [that] surya–the sun [is] achchhadita–covered, [but] divakara–the sun haya–is kabhu nahi–never meghavrta–covered by clouds. 
Eyes covered by clouds see that the sun is covered, but the sun is never actually covered by clouds.
sei rupa e gauda-mandala chid-akara
sei rupa–Similarly, prapanchika jana–worldly people dekhe–see chid-akara–the spiritual form e gauda-mandala–of Gauda Mandal [to be] vikara–a formation jadera–of matter. 
Similarly, worldly people see the spiritual form of Sri Gauda Mandal to be a formation of matter.
nityananda-krpa yanra prati kabhu haya
[But] kabhu–once nityananda–Nityananda krpa haya–blesses yanra prati–someone, se–they dekhe–see ananda–the joyful, chinmaya–spiritual dhama–abode sarvatra–everywhere. 
But once Nityananda blesses someone, they see the joyful, spiritual Dham everywhere.
ganga yamunadi tatha sada vidyamana
ganga–The Ganga yamunadi–Yamuna, and so on vidyamana–exist tatha–there sada–eternally. sapta-puri–The seven cities (Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya (Mayapur, Haridvar), Kasi, Kanchi, Avanti, and Dvaraka), prayagadi–Prayag, and other holy places, achhe–are present sthane sthana–throughout the Dham. 
The Ganga, Yamuna, and other holy rivers exist there eternally. The seven holy cities, Prayag, and other holy places are present throughout the Dham.
saksat vaikuntha-tattva e gauda-mandala
e gauda-mandala–Gauda Mandal [is] vaikuntha-tattva–a form of Vaikuntha saksat–itself; bhagyavan–fortunate jiva–souls dekhe–see taha–this niramala–clearly. 
Sri Gauda Mandal is Vaikuntha itself; fortunate souls see this clearly.
svarupa-saktira chhaya maya bali' yare
bahirmukha jiva-chaksu kare avarana
prabhura ajnaya–On the order of the Lord, chhaya–the shadow svarupa-saktira–of the Lord's personal energy, yare bali'–who is known as maya–Maya, vistare–extends nija–her prabhava–influence [and] avarana kare–covers bahirmukha jiva-chaksu–the eyes of the averse souls. sabe–They darsana paya na–do not see prabhava–the glory chid-dhama–of [the Lord's] spiritual abode. [21–22]
On the order of the Lord, Maya, the shadow of His personal energy, extends her influence and covers the eyes of the averse souls. Thus, they do not see the glory of the Lord's spiritual abode.
e gauda-mandale yanra vasa nirantara
sei yanra–Souls who nirantara–always vasa–reside e gauda-mandale–in Gauda Mandal [are] bada–the most bhagyavan–fortunate souls samsara bhitara–in this world. 
Souls who always reside in Sri Gauda Mandal are the most fortunate souls in this world.
deva-gana svarge thaki' dekhe sei jane
deva-gana–The gods thaki'–living svarge–in heaven dekhe–see [that] sei jane–they [have] apurva–beautiful chatur-bhuja–four-armed gathane–forms syama-kanti–with a cloud-like lustre. 
The gods living in heaven see that they have beautiful four-armed forms with a cloud-like lustre.
sola-krosa navadvipa-dhama-vasi yata
yata sola-krosa navadvipa-dhama-vasi–The residents of the thirty-two miles of Nabadwip Dham [have] gaura-kanti–a golden lustre [and are] sada–always rata–engaged nama-sankirtane–in chanting the Name. 
The residents of the thirty-two miles of Sri Nabadwip Dham have a golden lustre and are always engaged in chanting the Name.
brahma adi deva-gane antariksa haite
haite–From antariksa–the heavens, brahma–Brahma adi deva-gane–and the other gods puje–worship navadvipa-vasi-gane–the residents of Nabadwip nana-mate–in various ways. 
From the heavens, Brahma and the other gods worship the residents of Nabadwip in various ways.
brahma bale, "kabe mora hena bhagya habe
sri-gaura-charana-seva kare yata jana
Brahma says, "When will I attain the fortune of becoming a blade of grass in Nabadwip and receiving the foot dust of the servants of Sri Gaura's feet?
haya more gaurachandra vanchana kariya
haya–Alas! gaurachandra–Gaurachandra vanchana kariya–deceived more–me [and] kariya rakhila–made me adhipati–the emperor brahmandera–of the universe. 
"Alas! Gaurachandra deceived me and made me the emperor of the universe.
kabe mora karma-granthi ha-ibe chhedana
kabe–When [will] mora–my karma-granthi–entanglement in the reactions to my previous actions chhedana ha-ibe–be cut away? [When will] mora–my mana–heart tyaji'–give up [its] abhimana–pride [and] suddha habe–become pure? 
"When will my entanglement in karma be cut away? When will my heart give up its pride and become pure?
adhikara buddhi mora kabe habe ksaya
kabe–When [will] mora–my buddhi–mentality adhikara–of proprietorship ksaya habe–be destroyed? [When will] haye–I become suddha-dasa–a pure servant [and] paba–attain gaura-padasraya"–the shelter of Gaura's feet?" 
"When will my mentality of being a master be destroyed? When will I become a pure servant and attain the shelter of Sri Gaura's feet?"
deva-gana rsi-gana rudra-gana yata
yata deva-gana–The gods, rsi-gana–sages, [and] rudra-gana–Rudras vaise–live sthane sthane–throughout navadvipe–Nabadwip avirata–eternally. 
The gods, sages, and Rudras live throughout Nabadwip eternally.
chira-kala tapa kari' jivana kataya
kataya–They spend [their] jivana–lives kari'–performing tapa–austerities chira-kala–for long periods, tabu–but se sabe–they paya na–do not receive nityananda-krpa–the mercy of Nityananda. 
They spend their lives performing austerities for long periods, but they do not receive the mercy of Nityananda.
deha-buddhi yata dina nahi yaya dure
tata dina sri-gaura-nitai-krpa-dhana
yata dina tata dina–As long as [their] deha-buddhi–identification with the body nahi–does not yaya–go dure–away, yata dina (tata dina)–so long as dainya-bhava–a mood of humility nahi–does not sphure–appear mane–in [their] hearts, brahma-siva–Brahma and Siva nahi–do not paya–attain sri-gaura-nitai-krpa-dhana–the wealth of Gaura and Nitai's mercy [although they] yatana kariya–strive [for it]. [34–35]
As long as their identification with the body does not go away and humility does not appear within their hearts, even Brahma and Siva do not attain the wealth of Gaura and Nitai's mercy, although they strive for it.
ei saba katha age ha-ibe prakasa
ei saba–All these katha–points prakasa ha-ibe–will be described age–ahead. bhai–Brother! visvasa kariya–Faithfully [and] yatna kari'–carefully suna–listen. 
All these points will be described ahead. Brother! Faithfully and carefully listen.
ei saba visaye bhai tarka parihara
bhai–Brother! parihara–Give up tarka–argument ei saba visaye–in these matters— se apartha tarka–inappropriate argument [is] ati–very amangala-kara–inauspicious. 
Brother! Give up argument in these matters—inappropriate argument is very inauspicious.
sri-chaitanya-lila haya gabhira sagara
sri-chaitanya-lila–The Pastimes of Sri Chaitanya haya–are [a] gabhira–deep sagara–ocean. tathaya–There, tarka–argument, mocha-khola-rupa–like a banana flower's husk, [is] phanpara–troublesome. 
The Pastimes of Sri Chaitanya are a deep ocean. Argument over them, like a banana flower's husk, is simply troublesome.
tarka kari' e samsara tarite ye chaya
chesta–The endeavour tahara ye–of those who chaya–want tarite–to cross over e–this samsara–world tarka kari'–by arguing [is] viphala–fruitless. [Such persons] paya–attain kichhui na–nothing. 
The endeavour of those who want to cross over this world by argument is fruitless. Such persons do not attain anything.
tarke jalanjali diya sadhu sastra dhare
sei jana–Those who jalanjali diya–forgo tarke–argument [and] dhare–follow sadhu–the sadhus [and] sastra–the scriptures achire–quickly chaitanya-labha kare–attain Sri Chaitanya. 
Those who forgo argument and follow the sadhus and scriptures quickly attain Sri Chaitanya.
sruti smrti tantra sastra avirata gaya
sruti–The sruti, smrti–smrti, [and] tantra–tantric sastra–scriptures avirata–always gaya–sing nadiya-mahatmya–the glories of Nadia ajnaya–on the order nityanandera–of Nityananda. 
The srutis, smrtis, and tantras always sing the glories of Nadia on the order of Nityananda Prabhu.
sei saba sastra pada sadhu-vakya mana
pada–Read sei saba–all these sastra–scriptures [and] mana–honour sadhu-vakya–the words of the sadhus; tabe ta'–then tava ha-ibe–you will attain navadvipa-jnana–knowledge of Nabadwip. 
Read all these scriptures and honour the words of the sadhus; then you will understand Nabadwip.
kali-kale tirtha saba atyanta durbala
kali-kale–During the Age of Kali, saba tirtha–all the holy places [are] atyanta–very durbala–weak. tirtha–The holy place navadvipa–of Nabadwip matra–alone [is] parama–greatly prabala–powerful. 
During the Age of Kali, all the holy places are very weak. Only Nabadwip is greatly powerful.
prabhura ichchhaya sei tirtha bahu dina
prabhura ichchhaya–By the will of the Lord, sei–this tirtha–holy place [was] aprakata–unmanifest bahu dina–for a long time, [and its] mahima–greatness achhila–was sphurti-hina–not revealed. 
By the will of the Lord, this holy place was unmanifest for a long time, and its greatness was not revealed.
kalira prabhava yabe atyanta badila
yabe–When prabhava–the influence kalira–of Kali atyanta–greatly badila–increased, anya–the other tirtha–holy places svabhavatah–naturally ha-ila–became nisteja–powerless. 
When the influence of Kali strongly increased, the other holy places naturally became powerless.
jivera mangala lagi' purusa-pradhana
purusa-pradhana–The Supreme Lord chinta kari'–thought mane mane–within His heart [and] karila–made vidhana–an arrangement lagi'–for mangala–the welfare jivera–of [all] souls. 
The Supreme Lord reflected on this and made an arrangement for the welfare of all souls.
"pida bujhi' vaidyaraja ausadha khaoyaya
"bujhi'–"Understanding pida–a disease, vaidyaraja–a good doctor khaoyaya–prescribes ausadha–medicine. [For a] kathina–strong pidaya–disease, [he] deya–gives kathina–strong ausadha–medicine. 
"Understanding a patient's disease, a good doctor prescribes medicine. For a strong disease, he gives strong medicine.
ebe kali ghora haila roga ha-ila bhari
kali–The Age of Kali ebe haila–has now become ghora–severe, [and] roga–the disease [of the souls] ha-ila–has become bhari–serious. vina–Without kathina–strong ausadha–medicine, nari–I cannot nivarite–check it. 
"The Age of Kali has become severe, and the disease of the souls has become serious. Without strong medicine, I cannot check it.
atisaya gopane rakhinu yei dhama
atisaya gopane rakhinu yei rupa
kaile na–If I do not prakasa–reveal yei–the dhama–Abode rakhinu–I have kept atisaya–completely gopane–hidden, yei–the nama–Name rakhinu–I have kept atisaya–completely gopane–hidden, [and] yei–the rupa–Form rakhinu–I have kept atisaya–completely gopane–hidden, ki-rupa–how [will] jiva–the souls taribe–be delivered? [49–50]
"If I do not reveal the Abode, Name, and Form that I have kept completely hidden, then how will the souls be delivered?
jiva ta amara dasa ami tara prabhu
jiva–The souls [are] ta amara–My dasa–servants, [and] ami–I [am] tara–their prabhu–master. ami na tarile–If I do not deliver [them,] sei–they kabhu na taribe"–will never be delivered." 
"The souls are My servants, and I am their master. If I do not deliver them, then they will never be delivered."
ei bali' sri-chaitanya ha-ila prakasa
bali'–Thinking ei–thus, sri-chaitanya–Sri Chaitanya prakasa ha-ila–appeared laye–with nija–his nama–Name, nija–His dhama–abode, [and] nija–His dasa–servants. 
Thinking thus, Sri Chaitanya appeared with His Name, His abode, and His servants.
prabhura pratijna ei haya sarva-kala
ei pratijna–The promise prabhura–of the Lord haya–is sarva-kala–eternal: "tariba–"I will deliver sakala–all jiva–souls [and] ghuchaba–end [their] janjala–suffering. 
This promise of the Lord is eternal: "I will deliver all souls and end their suffering.
brahmara durlabha dhana bilaba samsare
ei avatare–In this appearance, bilaba–I will distribute samsare–throughout the world dhana–wealth [that is] brahmara durlabha–difficult for Brahma to attain, [and] vachhiba na–I will not consider [who is] patrapatra–fit or unfit. 
"In this appearance, I will distribute throughout the world wealth that is difficult for even Brahma to attain, and I will not consider who is fit or unfit.
dekhiba ki-rupe kali jive kare nasa
dekhiba–I will see ki-rupe–how kali–Kali nasa kare–devastates jive–the souls, [and] ami–I prakasa kariba–will reveal navadvipa-dhama–Nabadwip Dham. 
"I will see how Kali devastates the souls, and I will reveal Nabadwip Dham.
sei dhame kalira bhangiba visa-data
sei dhame–In the Dham, bhangiba–I will break kalira–Kali's visa-data–poisonous fangs, kirtana kariya–perform kirtan, [and] atma-satha kari'–collect jive–the souls. 
"In the Dham, I will break Kali's poisonous fangs, perform kirtan, and collect the souls.
yata-dura mama nama ha-ibe kirtana
kalira–Kali's damana–destruction ha-ibe ta–will happen yata-dura tata-dura–to the extent that mama–My nama–Name kirtana ha-ibe"–will be chanted." 
"Kali will be subdued to the extent that My Name is chanted."
ei bali' gaurahari kalira sandhyaya
bali'–Deciding ei–this, gaurahari–Gaurahari prakasila–revealed navadvipa–Nabadwip svakiya mayaya–by His own power sandhyaya–at the eve kalira–of Kali-yuga. 
Deciding this, Gaurahari revealed Nabadwip by His own power at the beginning of Kali-yuga.
chhaya samvariya nitya svarupa-vilasa
gaurachandra–Gaurachandra samvariya–held back chhaya–the shadow [of Maya, and] prakasa karila–revealed nitya svarupa-vilasa–His own eternal Pastimes gauda-bhume–in the land of Gauda. 
Gaurachandra held back Maya's darkness and revealed His eternal Pastimes in the land of Gauda.
emana dayalu prabhu ye jana na bhaje
ei kali-kale tara samabhagya-hina
dekhi na–I do not see tara yei jana–anyone jagate–in the world ei kali-kale–during the Age of Kali ara–more samabhagya-hina–unfortunate, sochaniya–pitiable, [and] dina–fallen [than] ye jana–someone who bhaje na–does not serve emana–such [a] dayalu prabhu–merciful Lord [and] tyaje–rejects emana–such [an] achintya-dhama–inconceivable abode. [60–61]
I do not see anyone in the world during the Age of Kali as unfortunate, pitiable, and fallen as someone who does not serve such a merciful Lord and rejects such an inconceivable abode.
ataeva chhadi' bhai anya vanchha rati
ataeva–Therefore, bhai–brother! chhadi'–Give up [all] anya–other vanchha–desires [and] rati–attachments, [and] ekamati hao–be devoted matra–exclusively navadvipa-dhame–to Nabadwip Dham. 
Therefore, brother! Give up all other desires and attachments, and devote yourself exclusively to Nabadwip Dham.
jahnavi-nitai-pada-chhaya yara asa
se bhakti-vinoda–Bhakti Vinod, yara–whose asa–aspiration [is] jahnavi-nitai-pada-chhaya–the shade of Jahnava and Nitai's feet, prakasa kare–reveals e–these tattva–glories. 
Bhakti Vinod, whose aspiration is the shade of Jahnava and Nitai's feet, reveals the glories of Nadia.
· Translator's Note
· Publishers' Notes
· Sri Navadvipa-dhama-parikramaya Ahvana
· Sriman Navadvipa-dhama-vandana
• The Glories of the Dham
• The Nature and Dimensions of the Dham
• Instructions for Circumambulating the Dham
• Sri Jiva Hears the Glories of the Dham
• Sri Mayapur and Antardvip
• Visiting Sri Ganga Nagar, Sri Prthu Kunda, Sri Simantadwip, Sri Visram Sthan, and Other Places
• Sri Suvarna Bihar and Sri Deva Palli
• Sri Harihara Ksetra, Sri Varanasi, and Sri Godruma
• Sri Madhyadwip and Sri Naimisa
• Visiting Sri Brahmana Puskara, Sri Uchcha Hatta, and other places
• Sri Sri Koladwip, Sri Samudragad, Sri Champa Hatta, and Sri Jayadev
• Sri Sri Rtudwip and Sri Radha Kunda
• Sri Vidya Nagar and Sri Jahnudwip
• Sri Modadrumadwip and Sri Rama-Lila
• Sri Vaikunthapur, Sri Rudradwip, and Sri Pulina
• Sri Bilvapaksa and Sri Bharadvaja Tila
• Sri Jiva Goswami's Questions and Srila Nityananda Prabhu's Answers
• The Removal of Sri Jiva Goswami's Doubts and His Travelling to Vrindavan
Sri Gaura Krishna Tattva
The Land of Sweetness
The Ten Offences to the Holy Dham
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