Our Disciplic Succession:
Srila Bhakti Nirmal Acharya Maharaj  Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Dev-Goswami Maharaj  Srila Bhakti Raksak Sridhar Dev-Goswami Maharaj  Bhagavan Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur Prabhupad
"The Sun Never Sets on Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Math":
Worldwide Affiliate Branches and Centres



Part 2: The Precepts of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu


Unalloyed Devotion




na dhanam na janam na sundarim
kavitam va jagad-isa kamaye
mama janmani-janmanisvare
bhavatad bhaktir ahaituki tvayi


"O Lord, I have no desires
to accumulate wealth, followers,
beautiful women, or salvation.
My only prayer is for
Your causeless devotional service,
birth after birth."


We should try to move in this direction. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu says, "I don't want any money (na dhanam), I don't want any popularity or manpower (na janam), I don't want the company of beautiful ladies (na sundarim). I don't want a good name, or the fame of a poet (kavitam va)." This is the general meaning of this verse, but it has been deeply dealt with in the commentaries of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati and Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura.

Our guru maharaja has commented that in this verse, wealth, followers, women, and scholarship represent duty, wealth, sense pleasure, and salvation (dharma, artha, kama, moksa). Bhaktivinoda Thakura has explained that in this context, "wealth" means the wealth which comes from following one's prescribed duties. It can also mean artha, economic development. He says that "followers" means physical relationship for comforts: wife, children, and so forth. The word sundarim means kama, the company of beautiful ladies. And kavitam, poetry, represents moksa, liberation. Liberation apparently has a high value but really, like poetry, it is only flowery words. Liberation is imaginary because the ultimate result of liberation is that one's existence vanishes.


Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu says, "O lord of the universe, I only pray for spontaneous devotion to You without motive for any reward. I want a natural serving attitude." Prema means affection, love. Prema means, "I shall serve You, and in remuneration You must give me more of a tendency to serve You—more energy and more hankering to serve You. My affection for You will be enhanced and the interest will become capital just as in the money-lending business." In this way, a devotee prays to Krishna, "I am serving You, and if you want to pay me something, then give me more capital to increase my serving tendency so it may be more enhanced.

"Wherever I am born according to my karma, I aspire only for Your service, my Lord, and I pray for unmotivated service, not for anything else in return." The general temptation that surrounds us on four sides is of four classes: money, followers, women, and liberation, and that means dharma, artha, kama, and moksa. In this way, the gradations of different goals of life have been scientifically represented.

But Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu says, "I have no attraction for any of these things, but only for You, my Lord. I don't even aspire after liberation. I will not even ask, "Give me liberation, for, being liberated, I will be able to serve You better." That sort of condition must not be placed on divinity. This is the purest of prayers. "According to my karma, I may be bird or beast, here or there, or even in hell—it does not matter. My whole aspiration is concentrated on one thing alone: I pray that my attraction for You may never be lost. I pray that it may always be enhanced."

Bhakti, devotion, is ahaituki, causeless. It is quite natural and has no other aspiration. Someone may say, "If interest is always being reinvested as capital, I will never enjoy the profit," but we are interested in enjoyment by self-giving. "Let others enjoy at my cost"—that is the basis of the highest enjoyment. The devotee thinks, "Let Krishna enjoy with others—I will be the scapegoat."

Bhaktivinoda Thakura says that when a baby has no knowledge, and an enemy or a disease comes to attack him, he cannot defend himself. In the same way, in the beginning, when one's realization of the Holy Name is in the childlike stage, then crimes and offenses against the name can prevail. When one's realization is grown up, no offense can approach him, but so many offenses may come and attack the beginner.


Bhaktivinoda Thakura says, "The Holy Name is so beautiful, gracious, and charming. Let me die along with all the offenses against it so others may enjoy its nectar." He wants to sacrifice himself just as in wartime, with bombs under their armpits, the suicide squad would jump into a ship's chimney. The suicide squad began with Japan's campaign against the British, and when Hitler heard of their fearlessness, he said, "We have something yet to learn from Japan." So, Bhaktivinoda Thakura prays, "I want to finish myself along with all the offenses against the name, that others may enjoy the nectar of the Holy Name."

Vasudeva Datta also prayed, "Give the sins of all souls to me, and throw me into eternal hell, so that they may benefit. Give them love of Krishna." By that highly generous sentiment, he does not die. It is said, "Die to live." When we have so much appreciation for the Lord that we feel this kind of sentiment, we find a living attainment of higher life. That is the enjoyment we want.

The last verse of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's Siksastakam will explain this feeling. Another example of this is found when the great sage Narada came to the gopis and asked them for the dust of their lotus feet for the treatment of Krishna's headache. Here we find self-abnegation to the highest degree, and that is the whole point of devotion. The very life of a devotee is based on sacrifice. As much as there is sacrifice, there is benefit. And sacrifice means "Die to live." This is a favorite saying of mine. These are Hegel's words: "Die to live." Krishna is the highest consumer known to the world. We should not hesitate to give ourselves to Him.








Part 1: The Life of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
The Golden Avatar
A Mysterious Incarnation
Friend of the Fallen
Mad Nimai Pandita
A Tragedy of Separation
Part 2: The Precepts of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
The Holy Name of Krishna
Unlimited Names of God
Humbler Than a Blade of Grass
Unalloyed Devotion
King of the Land of Love
Hankering For Perfection
Forever Without You
Union in Separation
A Drop of Divine Love