Krishna—Purnatama Bhagavan

His Divine Grace Om Vishnupad
Srila Bhakti Nirmal Acharya Maharaj
Sri Krishna Janmastami, morning class
28 August 2013, part 1, translated from Bengali

 

vande 'ham sri-guroh sri-yuta-pada-kamalam sri-gurun vaisnavams cha
sri-rupam sagrajatam saha-gana raghunath-anvitam tam sa-jivam
sadvaitam savadhutam parijana-sahitam krsna-chaitanya-devam
sri-radha-krsna-padan saha-gana-lalita sri-visakhanvitams cha

I offer my obeisance unto the lotus feet of my Guru, the predecessor Gurus, the Lord's devotees, Sri Rupa, Sri Sanatan, Sri Raghunath, Sri Jiva, Sri Rupa's followers, Sri Krishna Chaitanyadev, Sri Nityananda Prabhu, Sri Advaita Prabhu, Sri Chaitanyadev's associates, Sri Sri Radha-Krishna, Sri Lalita Devi, Sri Visakha Devi, and all of Their associates.

om ajnana-timirandhasya jnananjana-salakaya
chaksur unmilitam yena tasmai sri-gurave namah

I offer my obeisance unto Sri Gurudev, who has opened my eyes, which were blinded by the darkness of ignorance, with the salve of divine knowledge.

gurvvabhista-supurakam guru-ganair asisa-sambhusitam
chintyachintya-samasta-veda-nipunam sri-rupa-panthanugam
govindabhidham ujjvalam vara-tanum bhakty anvitam-sundaram
vande visva-gurun cha divya-bhagavat-premno hi bija-pradam

I offer my obeisance unto he who perfectly fulfils his Gurudev's most cherished desires; who is fully adorned with the blessings of his Gurudev's associates; who is expert in all aspects of Vedic knowledge, both conceivable and inconceivable; who is the pre-eminent follower of Srila Rupa Goswami Prabhu's line; who is known as 'Govinda'—Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Dev-Goswami Maharaj; whose beautiful, effulgent, exalted form is infused with pure devotion; who is the Guru of the entire universe; and who is the giver of the seed of divine love for the Supreme Lord.

devam divya-tanum suchanda-vadanam balarka-chelanchitam
sandrananda-puram sad-eka-varanam vairagya-vidyambudhim
sri-siddhanta-nidhim subhakti-lasitam sarasvatanam varam
vande tam subhadam mad-eka-saranam nyasisvaram sridharam

I offer my obeisance unto my lord, Srila Bhakti Raksak Sridhar Dev-Goswami Maharaj, whose speech is most pleasing; whose divine form is adorned with garments the colour of the newly-risen sun; who is an abode of intense, ecstatic devotion; who is the sadhus' sole choice; who is an ocean of renunciation and knowledge; who is a treasure-house of perfect conclusions; who is resplendent with pure devotion; who is the best of Srila Saraswati Thakur's followers; who is the giver of all good; who is the leading general of the tridandi-sannyasis; and who is my sole shelter.

vanchha-kalpatarubhyas cha
krpa-sindhubhya eva cha
patitanam pavanebhyo
vaisnavebhyo namo namah

Again and again I offer my obeisance unto the Supreme Lord's devotees, who are saviours of the fallen, oceans of mercy, and wish-fulfilling trees.

vrndayai tulasi-devyai priyayai kesavasya cha
krsna-bhakti-prade devi satyavatyai namo namah

Again and again I offer my obeisance unto Vrnda Devi, who is known as Tulasi Devi and Satyavati, who is most dear to Krishna, and who bestows devotion to Krishna upon us.

atha natva mantra-gurun gurun bhagavatarthadan
vyasan jagad-gurun natva tato jayam udirayet

Having offered obeisance to one's initiating Guru, to the Gurus who have taught one the meaning of the Bhagavat, and to all the authors of Vedic literature, who are the Gurus of the entire world, proclaim "Jay!"

jayah sa-parikara sri-sri-guru-gauranga-gandharvagovindasundar-padapadmanam jayastu!

All glory to the lotus feet of Sri Guru, Sri Gaurasundar, Sri Sri Gandharva-Govindasundar, and all of Their associates!

vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau

I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Six Goswamis, namely Sri Rupa Goswami, Sri Sanatan Goswami, Sri Raghunath Bhatta Goswami, Sri Raghunath Das Goswami, Sri Jiva Goswami, and Sri Gopala Bhatta Goswami.

sri-krsna-chaitanya prabhu nityananda
sri-advaita gadadhara srivasadi gaura-bhakta-vrnda

hare krsna hare krsna krsna krsna hare hare
hare rama hare rama rama rama hare hare

Today is a very good day—today is the festival of Lord Sri Krishna's appearance. Lord Himself appeared on this day.

You know that actually Krishna was the son of Mother Yasoda and Nanda Maharaj, but some of you have probably read in the scriptures or have heard that Krishna appeared from the womb of Devaki and His father is Vasudev. This is true, but if somebody, thinking with their mundane mind, says that Krishna is an adopted son of Mother Yasoda and Nanda Maharaj, this is a wrong conception. Krishna is not Vasudev and Devaki's son—He is the son of Mother Yasoda and Nanda Maharaj. No scripture mentions that Krishna is 'Devaki-atmaja', He is 'Yasoda-atmaja' (a child of Yasoda).

I told you this sloka from Srimad Bhagavad-gita (4.7) yesterday during the class:

যদা যদা হি ধর্ম্মস্য গ্লানির্ভবতি ভারত ।
অভ্যুত্থানমধর্ম্মস্য তদাত্মানং সৃজাম্যহম্ ॥

yada yada hi dharmasya, glanir bhavati bharata
abhyutthanam adharmasya, tadatmanam srjamy aham

"O Bharata, whenever there is a decline of religion and an uprising of irreligion, I personally make My advent."

To protect religion and destroy non-religion, the Lord comes to this world again and again in different ages. He appeared in Satya-yuga, in Treta-yuga, in Dvapar-yuga, and in Kali-yuga too. A mention of Mahaprabhu's appearance can be found in the scriptures recorded long ago before Mahaprabhu appeared:

কৃষ্ণবর্ণং ত্বিষাঽকৃষ্ণং সাঙ্গোপাঙ্গাস্ত্রপার্ষদম্ ।
যজ্ঞৈঃ সঙ্কীর্ত্তনপ্রায়ৈর্যজন্তি হি সুমেধসঃ ॥

krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam
sangopangastra-parsadam
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair
yajanti hi su-medhasah

"Those of sharp intellect will worship Krishna who appears with a non-black bodily hue, who is armed and surrounded by His associates and servants, and who always chants the Holy Names."

(Srimad Bhagavatam, 11.5.32)

Hiding His colour, Krishna appears in Kali-yuga. His appearance is described in Srimad Bhagavatam, thousands of years before Mahaprabhu appeared. So, today is the appearance day of this Lord Krishna. On this day, taking a human form, Krishna appears to bestow auspiciousness onto the world. He comes to this world again and again to rescue the fallen souls. You all know about it.

There are different categories, or gradation, of the Supreme Lord (Bhagavan)—there is purna Bhagavan (the complete Lord), purnatara Bhagavan (the more complete Lord), and purnatama Bhagavan (the absolutely complete, or the most complete, Lord).

The Lord also comes as Rama-avatar (Lord Ramachandra), but that incarnation is purnatara, not purnatama. How can this be possible? Krishna is purnatama, He is the Lord of all Lords (Sarvesvaresvar), and Rama-avatar, Kurma-avatar, Varaha-avatar, Nrisingha-avatar, Matsya-avatar, etc. (there are many avatars) are all purna or purnatara Bhagavans. You have heard that in Satya-yuga there were two demon brothers named Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksa—one of them, Hiranyaksa, was killed by the Lord assuming a boar's form, and the other, Hiranyakasipu, by the Lord assuming the form of Nrisinghadev. In Rama-avatar, the Lord slew Ravan. In every His incarnation (avatar), the Lord appears to fulfil some mission, however Krishna is the fountainhead of all incarnations—therefore, there is avatari Krishna (the original Supreme Lord, the source of all incarnations) and there is avatar Krishna (an incarnation of the Lord as Krishna).

aisvaryasya samagrasya, viryasya yasasah sriyah
jnana-vairagyayos chaiva, sannam bhaga itingana

"He who is full with all the six opulences of wealth, power, fame, beauty, knowledge and renunciation is known as Bhagavan, the Supreme Lord."

Nrisinghadev is also the Lord, Rama is also the Lord, but they are not purnatama Bhagavans, only Sri Krishna is purnatama Bhagavan.

You can ask then, "What is the difference between Lord Rama and Lord Krishna?" There is a very beautiful explanation. You can easily understand it if you hear it.

যে যথা মাং প্রপদ্যন্তে তাংস্তথৈব ভজাম্যহম্ ।
মম বর্ত্মানুবর্ত্তন্তে মনুষ্যাঃ পার্থ সর্ব্বশঃ ॥

ye yatha mam prapadyante, tams tathaiva bhajamy aham
mama vartmanuvartante, manusyah partha sarvasah

"Howsoever people surrender to Me, I accordingly reward them. Being the ultimate goal of all paths, I am the objective to be attained by all. O Partha, all men follow My various paths."

Srimad Bhagavad-gita, 4.11

The Lord says, "Howsoever people worship Me, I accordingly reciprocate with them." There is santa-, dasya-, sakhya-, vatsalya-, and madhura-rasa. Think about it yourself—how many rasas are there in Rama-lila? We all celebrate Sri Rama-navami, but we never observe it in the same way that we observe Sri Krishna Janmastami. We fast till noon and make a small celebration on Rama-navami, but Janmastami is always observed opulently. Lord Ramachandra is also the Lord, but He is purnatara Bhagavan.

Within Lord Ramachandra's pastimes, there is dasya-rasa (Hanuman). There is also some sakhya-rasa, but we do not hear about Lord Rama's friends (there is mostly only Laksman), but in Krishna-lila, there is Sridam, Sudam, Subal, and Krishna plays, talks and performs so many pastimes with them all. There is also some vatsalya-rasa in Rama-avatar, but what kind of vatsalya-rasa is it? Lord Krishna's Mother Yasoda tied the Lord, beat Him, cleaned His stool, breast-fed Him, she brought Him up in every way, she did everything for Him; but in Rama-avatar, Lord Rama leaves Dasarath to keep his (Dasarath's) promise. Look at Nanda Maharaj, Yasoda and look at Dasarath. When Nanda Maharaj got to know that Mother Yasoda had tied Krishna, he did not speak to her for three months and he chastised her also, "Are you out of your mind? What if something had happened to the child? You tied Him to the mortar and look now—two trees fell down! What if anything had happened to Him! Are you a fool to do this?! He is a child and childishly gave some curd to monkeys, what is the big deal?" And Krishna too—He went everywhere saying, "My mother has beaten Me!" Moreover, when Krishna left Vrindavan for Mathura, Nanda Maharaj and Mother Yasoda cried so much that their tears created a drain coming from their house... Such was their love. Yet, you can see that in Rama-lila, Dasarath actually sent his son away into the forest—he did love Rama and felt pain when he did it, but we do not see that full parental relationship in Lord Rama's avatar that we find in Krishna's pastimes; this rasa is not full there. There is one more rasamadhura-rasa (conjugal relationship). Conjugal relationship with the Lord can be seen only in the pastimes of Krishna and Vraja-gopis. Do you see such relationship anywhere else? Nowhere. What do you see in Rama-avatar? There is Sita Devi, but Lord Rama threw her into fire to test her. Do you find this in the pastimes of Krishna? No. The pastimes of Krishna are full of sweetness, love, devotion, gopis' love. Therefore, because all relationships are found within Krishna's pastimes, Krishna is purnatama Bhagavan.

ঈশ্বরঃ পরমঃ কৃষ্ণঃ সচ্চিদানন্দবিগ্রহঃ ।
অনাদিরাদির্গোবিন্দঃ সর্ব্বকারণকারণম্ ॥

isvarah paramah krsnah sach-chid-ananda-vigrahah
anadir adir govindah sarva-karana-karanam

"Krishna, who is known as Govinda, is the supreme controller. He has an eternal, blissful, spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin, for He is the prime cause of all causes."

(Sri Brahma-samhita, 5.1)

Brahma says that Krishna has no origin (He exists before everything and everyone else), and He is the cause of all causes. He is the Lord of Lords. Krishna Himself says (as Gauranga Mahaprabhu):

কৃষ্ণের যতেক খেলা, সর্ব্বোত্তম নরলীলা,
নরবপু তাহার স্বরূপ ।

krsnera yateka khela, sarvvottama nara-lila,
nara-vapu tahara svarupa

"The highest form of Godhead is Krsna, who plays in His eternal divine pastimes like a human being."

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita, Madhya-lila, 21.101)

You can see that the Lord appears, for example, to protect Prahlad Maharaj, but after that He goes away. Yet, Krishna plays, eats, roams the forests, etc. and performs pastimes during a long time. You can understand the difference yourself.

Devotees of Narayan also sometimes criticise devotees of Krishna saying that Krishna roams around, rolls in dust, plays with cows and goes out with girls, and Narayan sits silently and they serve Him with four arms—devotees of Krishna retort, "OK, Krishna is bad and Narayan is the teacher of the whole world, but tell us—how come Laksmi Devi then roams forests running behind Krishna?" Laksmi Devi also aspires for the darshan of Lord Krishna.

Krishna's pastimes are innumerable, yet Laksmi Devi does not attain a part in them because she does not accept Vraja gopis' anugatya (earnest adherence to the gopis of Vrindavan). That is why her position is like this. Bhaktera adhin Bhagavan: the Supreme Lord is controlled by His devotees. The Lord Himself once showed, "My Name is greater than I am, and even greater still is My devotee." There was once an argument about it, and they put Krishna on one side of the scales and one Tulasi leaf with Krishna's Name written on it on the other side—that single Tulasi leaf with Krishna's Name on it weighed much more than Krishna Himself. Such is the power of the Holy Name.

Jay Srila Guru Maharaj ki jay
Samagata Gaura-bhakta-vrinda ki jay

We have already recited the Vandana, and we must now chant the kirtans. We must practise, and our practice is sravan and kirtan.

 

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